The permit of the Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie (BSH) for Nordsee One was issued in April 2012. This permit was the result of a permitting process spanning several years. During this process multiple interests such as fisheries, military use, environmental protection areas, shipping, mining, existing cables and pipelines were taken into account. The first application documents were submitted in 2006 and subsequently these were completed in the following years. The permitting process also contained a transparent consultation and hearing process. All affected parties were invited to hand in their statement and the results were discussed in a meeting lead by the BSH. The permit is publicly available on During design, construction and operation the project also has to fulfil several permit-obligations imposed by the BSH. Only when the relevant release steps have been achieved will Nordsee One be allowed to start construction. After construction completion Nordsee One has to prove that everything has been constructed as it was planned, certified and approved in order to obtain permission to operate the wind farm. Via certification by an independent body Nordsee One will ensure that the techniques chosen for the different elements of the wind farm are state-of-the-art and will operate safely and in an environmentally friendly manner.